Sekilas Tentang Barista, Apa Sih Barista Itu?

Sekilas Tentang Barista, Apa Sih Barista Itu?

Sekilas Tentang Barista

Mungkin ada yang belum mengenal dengan istilah barista. Apa sih barista itu?

Sekilas Tentang Barista, Apa Sih Barista Itu? – Di banyak kamus bahasa, pengertian barista adalah seseorang yang menyiapkan dan menyajikan kopi-kopi berbasis espresso. Meskipun istilah barista digunakan untuk menyebut orang yang menyiapkan kopi, namun secara tekhnis barista adalah seseorang yang sudah terlatih secara professional untuk membuat espresso, plus memiliki keahlian tingkat tinggi untuk meracik kopi-kopi yang melibatkan berbagai campuran dan rasio semacam latte atau cappuccino.

Apa Sih Barista Itu ?

Secara etimologi, kata barista berasal dari Bahasa Italia yang berarti bartender, yaitu mereka yang menyajikan segala macam minuman, bukan hanya kopi. Namun seiring perkembangan jaman dan masuknya tren kopi ke Amerika dan Eropa, kata ini kemudian diadopsi menjadi yang sekarang kita kenal. Sementara di Italia sendiri, barista sering disebut dengan baristi (untuk laki-laki) atau bariste (untuk perempuan).

Umumnya para barista memang bekerja di kedai-kedai kopi, bar-bar kopi atau coffee shop dan biasanya mengoperasikan mesin-mesin espresso komersial yang cenderung rumit. Tugas mereka adalah mengukur seberapa besar suhu dan tekanan yang diperlukan untuk membuat espresso—terutama karena espresso dikenal sebagai minuman yang ‘agak ribet’ sehingga membuat espresso secara manual pun dianggap sebagai pekerjaan yang penuh keterampilan.

Selain menyiapkan espresso dan minuman-minuman lain, seorang barista yang terampil juga dituntut memiliki pengetahuan yang baik tentang seluruh proses kopi agar bisa menyiapkan secangkir kopi nikmat yang tak akan terlupakan oleh pelanggannya. Karena tidak lucu juga ‘kan kalau kita bertanya “single origin apa yang diseduh hari ini?” namun dijawab “single origin Aeropress, V60 (atau nama-nama manual brewer lainnya)” oleh si barista.

Karena itu pula, untuk menjadi seorang barista diperlukan latihan demi latihan, bahkan tak jarang mereka mengikuti kelas-kelas dan pelatihan barista selama bertahun-tahun sebelum “ditahbiskan” dengan predikat ahli atau expert dalam bidang meracik kopi bernama barista.

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